National AHEC Organization Training Center
HPV Immunization Project
HPV Vaccine is Cancer Prevention.
- HPV is short for human papilloma virus. There are more than 40 HPV types that infect human mucosal surfaces, mostly the genitals and mouth/throat. Although most infections will go away naturally, some infections that don’t go away can cause cancers in men and women.
- HPV vaccine is a life-saving vaccine that protects against HPV infections that cause most cases of cervical cancer and many cases of other cancers, including cancers of the anus, penis, vulva, vagina, and oropharynx (back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils).
- Preteens need the HPV vaccine now to prevent HPV cancers later in life.
- About 79 million people in the U.S., most in their teens and early 20s, are infected with HPV. About 14 million people become infected every year.
- CDC, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Family Physicians strongly recommend HPV vaccination at ages 11 to 12 for the best protection against HPV cancers.
- HPV vaccine protects against HPV infections that cause HPV cancers and disease. For teens who have not started the series at 11 or 12 years, it’s not too late. It is still beneficial to get the vaccine as soon as possible during the teen years.
- HPV vaccine works best when it is given to boys and girls at age 11 or 12 years. For HPV vaccines to be effective, they should be given before one is exposed to HPV. Very little exposure to HPV infection occurs at 11 and 12 years of age. Also, HPV vaccine produces the most antibodies, or infection-fighting proteins, during the preteen years.
- The HPV vaccine has a very good safety record. Like any vaccine or medicine, HPV vaccines can cause side effects. Common side effects are pain, redness, or swelling in the arm where the shot was given, as well as dizziness, fainting, nausea and headache.
The benefits of HPV vaccination far outweigh any potential risk of side effects.
- Take advantage of any visit to the doctor – checkups, sick visits, even physicals for sports, camps, or college – to ask the doctor about what vaccines your preteens and teens need.
For more information about HPV vaccine: www.cdc.gov/vaccines/who/teens/vaccines/hpv.html
The National AHEC Organization, National Training Center – HPV Immunization Project
is supported by funds awarded to NAO from the Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention – 1H23IP000960-01, CFDA Number: 93.733